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新兴的卒中后运动恢复治疗

  Emerging Treatments for Motor Rehabilitation After Stroke

  Neurohospitalist. 2015 Apr; 5(2): 77–88.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4357600/

  Abstract

  Although numerous treatments are available to improve cerebral perfusion after acute stroke and prevent recurrent stroke, few rehabilitation treatments have been conclusively shown to improve neurologic recovery. The majority of stroke survivors with motor impairment do not recover to their functional baseline, and there remains a need for novel neurorehabilitation treatments to minimize long-term disability, maximize quality of life, and optimize psychosocial outcomes. In recent years, several novel therapies have emerged to restore motor function after stroke, and additional investigational treatments have also shown promise. Here, we familiarize the neurohospitalist with emerging treatments for poststroke motor rehabilitation. The rehabilitation treatments covered in this review will include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor medications, constraint-induced movement therapy, noninvasive brain stimulation, mirror therapy, and motor imagery or mental practice.

  Keywords: stroke recovery, hemiparesis, physiotherapy, transcranial magnetic stimulation, transcranial direct current stimulation, mental imagery, mirror neurons