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对老年下尿路功能障碍的目前观点

  A current perspective on geriatric lower urinary tract dysfunction

  Korean J Urol. 2015 Apr; 56(4): 266–275.

 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4392025/

  Abstract

  Lower urinary tract dysfunction-such as urinary incontinence (UI), detrusor overactivity, and benign prostatic hyperplasia-is prevalent in elderly persons. These conditions can interfere with daily life and normal functioning and lead to negative effects on health-related quality of life. UI is one of the most common urologic conditions but is poorly understood elderly persons. The overall prevalence of UI increases with age in both men and women. Elderly persons often neglect UI or dismiss it as part of the normal aging process. However, UI can have significant negative effects on self-esteem and has been associated with increased rates of depression. UI also affects quality of life and activities of daily living. Although UI is more common in elderly than in younger persons, it should not be considered a normal part of aging. UI is abnormal at any age. The goal of this review is to provide an overview of the cause, classification, evaluation, and management of geriatric lower urinary tract dysfunction.

  Keywords: Aged, Lower urinary tract symptoms, Urinary bladder, Urinary incontinence